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The first records of history trace back to the great 5000-year old Indus Valley civilization on the banks of the river Indus. Many planned cities have been excavated at Harappa, Mohenjodaro (now in Pakistan), Lothal in Gujarat and many other cities.

The restless Aryans who came to the subcontinent around 2000 BC, became the inhabitants of the country pushing the Dravidians towards the southern tip of India. Sun worshippers, they settled down to a pastoral life, governed by the politics of kings and emperors. Their own contribution to the civilization was a wisdom born of their travels, their spirit of adventure and their language. Legends of India spread across the continents.

The Mauryan dynasty was founded in 323 BC by Chandragupta Maurya and this period is known as the Golden Age. Ashoka, the great monarch was a product of this dynasty. Whilst expanding the boundaries of his empire, he recognised the futility of conquest by war and embraced Buddhism. Later he sent monks with the message of the Buddha to Sri Lanka, Syria, Egypt and Macedonia. Inscriptions listing his ethical principals are found on rocks and pillars throughout India.

Kanishka ushered in the Kushan empire In southern India, the Chola, Pandya and Chera dynasties flourished. The Gupta dynasty strengthened India and trade with Europe began on a major scale. One of the world’s most famous universities at Nalanda opened its doors and the spirit of learning spread across the length and breadth of the country.

The Chalukyas and the Pallavas established dominion in south India. Islam found its way into India in the 8th century AD when Muslim conquerors came to the country and settled down. Subsequently, the Mughals established a mighty empire and the monuments of that period are still virtually intact. Then came the British and for the first time in its history, India was united in a bid to oust foreign dominance and regained her independence to become a democratic nation.

Souvenirs of her glorious past still survive in India. Edicts and stupas from the Mauryan age; the rock temples and mural paintings of Ajanta and Ellora from the Gupta age; the magnificent heritage of Chola and Pallava kings, the great palaces of the Mughals and the traditions of architecture left behind by them, and the imperial extravagance of the Raj which resulted in the railways, posts and telegraph and an organised central administrative machinery.



This history continues to live in India. Religion and culture combine with education to give the Indian a background that other nations envy.



Destinations


This is the land of romance. It is here that the deep love of one man for one woman created the Taj Mahal; where the King of Kings ruled; where the sacred Ganges flows past holy cities; where the Himalayas stand silent and magnificent; where 5000 years of culture waits to be absorbed. Relax sitting on the balcony.



Located in peninsular India with the Vindhya and Satpura mountain ranges in the north, the states of South India, historically more often than not remained untouched by the turmoil of the North. This isolation led to distinct styles of architecture and different forms of music, dance and drama than found elsewhere in the country.



Encounter the teeming city of Kolkatta (formerly Calcutta), the mighty range of the Himalayas in Sikkim, the one-horned rhinoceros in wonderful wildlife reserves, then dream of a forgotten age in the ancient holy towns on the plains of rural India.



The Vindhya mountain lie along the centre of the country in India’s largest state, Madhya Pradesh, giving this region a topography that is mostly hilly, interspersed with ravines and valleys Thick forests cover parts of the state, home of many tribals, and also sanctuaries for wildlife Bhopal, the capital is built on seven hills and around two lovely lakes.



The largest state in India, Madhya Pradesh (meaning Central Province) lies in the heart of the country, bordered by seven other states. Seven rivers meander their course through forests and across hills and ravines. This forested state has varied wildlife, innumerable monuments, exquisite temples.



Lord Buddha the gentle colossus who founded the first universal religion of the world, worked and lived much of his life in Bihar though he was born in Kapilavastu, now in Nepal. Most of the major events of his life, like enlightenment and last sermon happened in Bihar. Significantly, the state’s name originated from ‘Vihara.



The Andaman IslandsFloating in splendid isolation east of the Indian mainland, well into the Bay of Bengal is an archipelago of emerald isles, stretching out over a length of 700 kms. of natural splendour.
Verdant and lush, these islands are untouched and pristine. Fringing the beaches.



Thirty-six tiny islands with a total land area of only about 8 acres constitute the archipelago of Lakshadweep, the smallest of the States and Union Territories of India. Only ten of the islands are inhabited. Entry to many of the islands is restricted to protect the fragile eco-system which consists of lagoons and land which is barely 6.6 ft.
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Adventures ToursArea: 97,000 sq kms out of which nearly 38,000 sq. kms are under Chinese Occupation since 1962.
Population: Approx. 2.40 lakh in the 2 districts of Leh & Kargil.




Festivals & Fairs Area: 97,000 sq kms out of which nearly 38,000 sq. kms are under Chinese Occupation since 1962.
Population: Approx. 2.40 lakh in the 2 districts of Leh & Kargil.



 
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